What Are Macronutrients

When nutrients are the substances we need to consume for our body to grow and function properly, macronutrients are the nutrients that we need in the highest amounts. Basically there are three macronutrients:

  • proteins

  • carbohydrates

  • fats

From these three we get most of the calories we need to create energy that makes our body to function and operate day in and day out


Good carbs can be found in potatoes, fruit, nuts, whole grains and much more. One type of carbohydrates that is not digestible is fibre. Fibre can help with weight loss since it cleanses our digestive system and makes us feel full for a longer time.

Another type of carbs is the so called “bad carbs”. There are either processed foods, sugars or refined white grains. These will give us a sudden surge of energy, but little anything else. These carbs often end up as fats, making us overweight.


Proteins can be found in meat, soy products, seeds, nuts and beans. When our body has used up all the energy it got from carbohydrates, it starts turning protein into energy. Proteins also help with immune system, increase muscle mass and promote growth.


While we often try to avoid eating fats because we think it's unhealthy and will give us extra pounds, our body still needs some fat since it helps vitamins to absorb and gives us a protective layer under the skin to keep our internal organs safe. It is best to consume unsaturated fats, mostly found in olive oil, nuts and avocados. With these types of fats in our diet, we don't need to be concerned about weight gain. However, saturated fats and trans fats should be avoided.

It is also important to know how much of each we should consume in order to stay healthy and fit. The general rule is that our carbohydrates should make up about 45-65% of our calorie intake, proteins should be around 10-30% and fats in between 20-35%.

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